Then the word of the Lord came to Jonah a second time: 2 “Go to the great city of
Nineveh and proclaim to it the message I give you.”
3 Jonah obeyed the word of the Lord and went to Nineveh. Now Nineveh was a very
large city; it took three days to go through it. 4 Jonah began by going a day’s journey
into the city, proclaiming, “Forty more days and Nineveh will be overthrown.” 5 The
Ninevites believed God. A fast was proclaimed, and all of them, from the greatest to the
least, put on sackcloth.
10 When God saw what they did and how they turned from their evil ways, he relented
and did not bring on them the destruction he had threatened.
- Summarize what we have been doing.
a. Bible stores that our children and grandchildren love. Stories that everyone knows and
loves. And they remember the central person or idea. One cannot say Jonah without
the whale – can we – but there is so much more to the story than the whale.
- I love Jonah — why? — it is an easy read – only 4 chapters and the shortest book in the
Old Testament. Turn to page 1441 in your pew Bible.
- Summarize the first chapter of Jonah
- Tell about the bus ride home and the people who cut in front of the bus – the diver, Art, had
some choice words for the drivers.
a. Don’t we love it when a guy – who flies up the road who was speeding, get pulled
over by the cop he blew past and didn’t see.
b. We say justice prevails! And we are happy!
- We love to see people get what they deserve…we love seeing when that annoying person
trips and falls…we love the idea that if you do bad things you get bad things done to you in
a. we love to watch our enemies suffer…
b. and for many of us that makes the idea of God’s grace very difficult to
accept; even when we claim to love it.
- We are looking at the book of Jonah, and Jonah is a disobedient prophet…and why he hated
the idea of grace…especially for those in Assyria.
- Jonah didn’t want to go to Nineveh since Nineveh was the capital of the Assyrian Empire, an
empire that had destroyed his Jewish homeland.
a. The Assyrians had killed many of his friends and family, raped the women, dragged
the best and brightest, stole the wealth of their land, and forced everyone to work the
fields to provide for the very soldiers who had decimated them in the first place.
- Jonah wanted to go to Tarshish – which was in Spain – where the good times were – not to
Nineveh – where the enemies of his people where
- But, Jonah knew what kind of God he was serving, and he was frustrated.
a. Because, if God sends a word of judgment to a people…God is also sending the chance
for them to turn and seek after God and receive forgiveness.
b. But, Jonah hated the very thought of the Assyrians not being destroyed.
- He ran because he wanted to see the people of Assyria, the residents of the capital
city, get what they deserved for the atrocities they committed. If he could run far
enough…then maybe, just maybe Nineveh would get what it deserved. Jonah did not want to
- But God wouldn’t allow that…a storm at sea…a big fish…finally Jonah relented and
repented and agreed to go to Nineveh.
a. Look at the prayer in chapter 2 of Jonah and read it from the Pew Bible.
b. But, I’m guessing his preaching was about as inspiring as teenager finally doing their
- “FINE! I’ll do it!!!!” Eye roll and all!
- Jonah finally makes it to the city, he preaches about God’s coming judgment, and the he
goes outside the city to watch the destruction…except it never comes. The people of Nineveh
from the greatest to the least repent and turn from their ways and turn toward God…
- Jonah 3:10-4:2 (page 1443) says,
When God saw what they did and how they turned from their evil ways, he relented and did
not bring on them the destruction he had threatened. But to Jonah this seemed very wrong,
and he became angry. He prayed to the Lord, “Isn’t this what I said, Lord, when I was still at
home? That is what I tried to forestall by fleeing to Tarshish. I knew that you are a gracious
and compassionate God, slow to anger and abounding in love, a God who relents from
- The people repented, turned from their sins, and God changed his mind about their
destruction…he relented and didn’t destroy them. And Jonah was furious…
- Why? Because Jonah knew that’s what God would do!
- Grace makes us angry because we want to see people get what they deserve.
- The Assyrians had done many horrific things, and it is easy to see why Jonah would want
them to pay.
- the problem is, God isn’t in the business of giving people what they deserve…He
is in the business of rescuing, forgiving, and restoring people.
- While you and I may want our enemies to pay for what they have done…
a. God wants people to repent and find forgiveness and be restored.
b. God is working to bring about their redemption, and that can be difficult sometimes.
- Someone has hurt you deeply…said some untrue things about you…called you some insulting
names and rejected and turned their back on you.
a. Maybe someone has actively sought to do you harm…to hurt you…to get you fired…
b. Maybe they have abused and hurt a family member…
- And it just seems wrong that they should receive any grace or forgiveness from anyone;
especially from God…
- Except, in the words of Jonah, we already know God is, “a gracious and compassionate God,
slow to anger and abounding in love, a God who relents from sending calamity.”
- So, Jonah needed a very real, very personal lesson.
- Jonah 4:4-11 says
4 But the Lord replied, “Is it right for you to be angry?”
5 Jonah had gone out and sat down at a place east of the city. There he made himself a
shelter, sat in its shade and waited to see what would happen to the city. 6 Then the Lord
God provided a leafy plant and made it grow up over Jonah to give shade for his head to
ease his discomfort, and Jonah was very happy about the plant. 7 But at dawn the next day
God provided a worm, which chewed the plant so that it withered. 8 When the sun rose, God
provided a scorching east wind, and the sun blazed on Jonah’s head so that he grew faint.
He wanted to die, and said, “It would be better for me to die than to live.”
9 But God said to Jonah, “Is it right for you to be angry about the plant?”
“It is,” he said. “And I’m so angry I wish I were dead.”
10 But the Lord said, “You have been concerned about this plant, though you did not tend it
or make it grow. It sprang up overnight and died overnight. 11 And should I not have
concern for the great city of Nineveh, in which there are more than a hundred and twenty
thousand people who cannot tell their right hand from their left—and also many animals?”
- this simple little lesson had huge ramifications for Jonah… he cared more about a
simple, stupid vine than he did for the people of Nineveh.
a. He was angry because the vine was destroyed, but also angry that the people of
Nineveh were not destroyed.
b. This is because Jonah saw them as enemies, and people deserving of judgment…
- God sees our enemies as people.
- God saw the Assyrians, the residents of Nineveh, as people, and as people,
a. He saw them as worthy of receiving forgiveness and healing if it was at all possible…
b. Jonah, on the other hand, saw them simply as enemies, and by seeing them only as
the Assyrians or as his enemies, he dehumanized them…
- We do this naturally, and often very innocently. Let me give you a few examples.
- I try really hard to avoid telling people I’m a pastor because once I do…they act differently
around me…they talk to me differently, they treat me different, …they close down any real
possibility of friendship…because I’m no longer Dick, I’m the pastor. I am no longer just a
human being I am a job title.
- On a regular basis you are driving in your car, and when you are cut-off by
another person…you immediately go into de-humanizing mode. He is no longer a
father with a family on his way to work…He is that, jerk, or idiot, or worse, in the
- Soldiers have done this for millennia…calling their enemies horrible names and slang terms
to help them not think about the fact that they are taking a human life…even if it is for the
best of reasons.
a. Even in our more sanitized moments we refer to them as targets, terrorists,
objectives…and the innocent people caught in the cross-fire as “collateral damage.”
- We do this every day on the Internet…its anonymity…or, even if we see a face and
profile…we do not actually interact with them as a person…so we do and say some of the
most hateful things. And this is big time now –
- It might seem like a small thing, but psychologist have demonstrated how this
simple step of dehumanizing someone; reducing them to an insulting name, a
vehicle, or an internet persona, allows us to think and even do horrible things we
wouldn’t normally do to people.
- Because they were no longer people, Jonah cared more for a plant than he did
for their lives…the lives of the families, the lives of the children…they were the
enemy and deserved whatever they got.
- There are people in our lives who we have de-humanized. They have hurt us. They make us
angry. We use terms like the Liberals! The conservatives! Muslims, Hispanics, immigrants.
a. And God reminds us that these are people…they have maybe done some hurtful
things to you or someone you love, but they are human beings for whom Jesus
suffered and died just like he did for you and me.
b. They are, at their core, human beings, and because of this, they are worth at least an
attempt at rescue and restoration.
- And the challenging part for us is that:
- God calls us to take part in that process.
- God asked Jonah to set aside all his fear, prejudice, anger, and desire for revenge and take
part in bringing healing to the people of Nineveh.
- God invites you and I into the act of bringing healing and forgiveness to the
people who have hurt us and would take advantage of us.
- God wants to work in us to make us the kind of people that can pray for our
enemies, do good to those who want to hurt us, forgive the hurts others have done
to us…even and especially when they don’t deserve it or want it because in that
very act of forgiving…there is healing. There is healing for us and forgiveness and
healing for them.
- Many of us resist because we believe that forgiveness simply lets someone off
a. “ We may say: If I forgive them it means it doesn’t really matter what they did to
b. No, not in the least.
c. Forgiveness wouldn’t be necessary if what they did didn’t really matter.
- Jesus would not have had to suffer and die the way he did if the sin and evil didn’t matter…if
the pain they caused was irrelevant.
- Forgiveness, on our part, is really about us letting the hurt go; refusing to give it
the dignity of influencing us negatively, refusing to allow it to eat us. We let go of
it and release them from our wrath…and turn them over to God.
- And maybe that is the rub…
a. we, like Jonah, know that if we forgive and turn the power over to God that God is a
gracious and compassionate God, slow to anger and abounding in love, a God who
relents from sending calamity…and just like Jonah we don’t want them to receive
mercy and grace.
b. We don’t want them to have relief from any amount of pain they might get or deserve
because they have hurt us.
- So we ask the question of ourselves:
a. Who is it that has hurt you?
b. Who is it you regularly dehumanize?
c. It can be simply the person in the other car…all the way to someone who has done
some horribly evil to you?
- Maybe it is a spouse or a parent…maybe a friend or co-worker…maybe you just
feel hurt and angry because of all the rhetoric and hatred going on in our world…
- There was a recent Facebook posting:
a. “Never regret the things you did wrong; only regret the good things you did for the
wrong people.” ReallY!
- I have seen a lot of stuff online that I don’t agree with, but I actually hate this
statement…because I don’t want to be known as a person who only does good things for
people who deserve it or people who haven’t wronged me…and I don’t believe that
following God allows us to make this statement…
- Many of you sitting here might be able to make a list of good things you regret doing for
the wrong people…but your acts of goodness say more about the person God is
creating you to be…your acts of goodness and kindness in the face of evil being
done to you is building hope and beauty into our world.
- Jesus reminds us, we part of a different Kingdom with different standards and a different
a. we do not overlook evil, but neither do we cheer the demise of the people who do evil.
b. Because the same God offering grace to us wants to offer grace to them.
c. And if His grace can save us then God’s grace can save them.
- The reverse of that is also true, because if God’s grace is unable to work in their
lives the most evil and despicable people on earth…it is unable to work in your life.
- Jesus Christ refused to take up the sword and kill anyone, instead, choosing to die for
everyone. That is who we claim to follow.
- I want to leave you with the words and the very difficult challenge of Matthew 5:43-48,
43 “You have heard that it was said, ‘Love your neighbor and hate your enemy.’ 44 But I tell
you, love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you, 45 that you may be children
of your Father in heaven. He causes his sun to rise on the evil and the good and sends rain
on the righteous and the unrighteous. 46 If you love those who love you, what reward will
you get? Are not even the tax collectors doing that? 47 And if you greet only your own
people, what are you doing more than others? Do not even pagans do that? 48 Be perfect,
therefore, as your heavenly Father is perfect.
- Thanks be to God!